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English Grammar

Active and Passive voice


What is Active Voice?

The form of action/ sentence that the subject is a doer

  • I kick John
  • He loves me

What is Passive Voice?

The form of action / sentence that the subject is done by the others or is effected from the verb. It usually includes "by" in the sentence.

  • My car was stolen
  • I was taught by my mother to be kind to people.
  • A letter is written by Mary.

Examples of active and passive voice divided by tenses.

Present

Simple:
Active Voice -- I teach him.
Passive Voice -- I am taught by him.

Continuous:
Active Voice -- I am teaching him.
Passive Voice -- I am being taught by him.

Perfect:
Active Voice -- I have taught him.
Passive Voice -- I have been taught by him.

Past:

Simple:
Active Voice -- I taught him.
Passive Voice -- I was taught by him.

Continuous:
Active Voice -- I was teaching him.
Passive Voice -- I was behing taught by him.

Perfect:
Active Voice -- I had taught him.
Passive Voice -- I had been taught by him.

Future:

Simple:
Active Voice -- I will teach him.
Passive Voice -- I will be taught by him.

Continuous:
Active Voice -- I will be teaching him.
Passive Voice -- I will be taught by him.

Perfect:
Active Voice -- I will have taught him.
Passive Voice -- I will have been taught by him.

Must know about Active and Passive Voice

  • V2 of teach is taught
  • No passive voice used in perfect continuous tense.
  • It takes some practices before you can build above sentences effectively

Ready to test yourself ? Try our English Grammar Quiz

 

Learn more about English Grammar

Noun | Verb | Adjective | Adtense | Tense


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More English Grammar


  Noun
  Verb
  Adjective
  Adverb
  Tense
  Pronoun
  Active VS Passive Voice
  Phrase
  Finite VS Infinite Verbs
  
Irregular Verb
  Phrasal Verb
  Preposition
  Conjunction
  Gerund
  Article (A/An/The)
  Short Answer
  And many more...